DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2309-8147.7.1.2019.163003

Retrospective analysis of the etiological structure of purulent-inflammatory diseases of the anterior segment of the eye

G.G. Nazarchuk, Yu.I. Saldan, O.A. Nazarchuk

Abstract


Background. Eye inflammatory diseases lead in the structure of eye diseases (34.5–40.2 %). The purpose of the research was to study the etiological structure of purulent-inflammatory diseases of the anterior segment of the eye and eyelids; microorganisms’ sensitivity to antibiotics. Materials and methods. The results of bacteriologic examinations of 43 patients with purulent-inflammatory diseases of the anterior segment of the eye and eyelids were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were observed in Vinnytsia or Zhytomyr Region Clinical Hospitals in 2013. Results. Etiological structure of purulent-inflammatory diseases of the anterior segment of the eye and eyelids included Gram-positive (89.7 %), in particular S.epidermidis (55.2 %), S.aureus (20.8 %), S.viridans (5.2 %), Е.faecalis (3.4 %), S.haemolyticus (1.7 %), S.pneumoniae (1.7 %), C.hofmannii (1.7 %), and Gram-negative bacteria: Acinetobacter spp. (5.2 %), E.coli (3.4 %), E.gergoviae (1.7 %). Staphylococcus spp. sensitivity to penicillins (50.0–78.1 %), cephalosporins (50.0–71.9 %), macrolides (50.0–58.3 %) was low. It was variable to ciprofloxacin (66.7–78.1 %); ofloxacin (75.0–87.5 %), moxifloxacin (75.0–84.4 %), gentamycin (66.7–90.6 %), tobramycin (66.7–93.8 %). Gram-negative bacteria had low sensitivity to antibiotics. Conclusions. Gram-positive microorganisms are the main causative agents of inflammatory diseases of the anterior segment of the eye and eyelids (89.7 %) and have variable sensitivity to antibiotics. Gram-negative bacteria have low sensitivity to the majority of antibiotics.


Keywords


inflammatory diseases; antibiotics; eyes

References


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