X-ray techniques in the diagnosis of orbital pathology

O.V. Petrenko, T.M. Babkina, I.A. Vasyltsov


The orbital area is the site of a large number of pathological processes of various origins (inflammatory, tumor, vascular, endocrine); therefore, the interpretation of symptoms and clinical data should include the visualization of pathological focus. The complexity of verifying orbital pathology is associated with inaccessibility for conventional ophthalmic or other methods of examination due to the impossibility of complete visualization. Modern X-ray techniques (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, single photon emission computed tomography, positron emission tomography) are necessary for the interpretation of symptoms and clinical data, as well as for making a correct diagnosis at an early stage, which allows us to avoid complications for the patient’s vision and life. The article presents an overview of X-ray techniques for the diagnosis of pathological conditions of the orbit. The choice of one or other of them is described, which is based on the consideration of advantages and disadvantages, indications and contraindications in each case, as well as international experience. Together with taking into account clinical symptoms, anamnestic data and other methods of examination, the use of X-ray techniques is absolutely necessary for timely and accurate detection of orbital pathology, which will help determine the optimal treatment and avoid potential threats to the patient’s health. At the same time, with the scientific and technological progress, X-ray diagnosis is being improved constantly; therefore, further studies of using these methods in orbital pathology are relevant and promising.


orbit; diagnosis; X-ray techniques; review


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