DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2309-8147.5.2.2017.172455

REGIONAL MORBIDITY FEATURES OF EYE AND ITS ADJUVANT AMONG CHILDREN OF DIFFERENT AGE

Yu. V. Barinov, Je. P. Syniova

Abstract


The objective of the work is to study the dynamics and changes of disease structure with regard to a type of eye diseases and the adjuvant among children of different age in Ukraine.
Materials and methods. Data of the offi cial statistics of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (MOH) became primary materials for carrying out the research (form 12 “The report on the diseases registered among patients who reside in the area, providing services in treatment and prevention facility” approved by the order # 378 of MOH as of 10.07.2007).
The research covered the period of 2005‒2014. Morbidity was studied by the number of newly diagnosed cases of eye diseases and diseases of adjuvant in the current year calculated with regard of 1000 children of corresponding age.
The difference between indicators was considered reliable at р <0,05.
Results. During 2005‒2014 the incidences of eye diseases and adjuvant diseases among children aged 0 ‒ 17 years tend to increase, despite the fact that in 2014 the data from the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol were unavailable, the incidences remained at the level of 43,46 on 1000 people. Tendencies as to decrease in incidence of diseases of the eye and its adjuvant for the research period were traced also in the age group of children of up to 0-1 year.

A half (45,69 ± 0,03 %) of newly diagnosed cases of diseases of the eye and its adjuvant among children are conjunctivitis, myopia different degree – 14,43 ± 0,02 %, a cataract ‒ 0,77 ± 0,01 %, strabismus ‒ 2,24 ± 0,01 %; atrophy of an optic nerve ‒ 0,45 ± 0,01 %, glaucoma ‒ 0,04 ± 0,01 %.
Conclusion. It estimated that in 2014 eye disease incidences and adjuvant diseases were the highest in Kharkiv, Rivne, Ivano-Frankivsk, Vinnytsia and Kiev regions. Incidences of the same type of diseases among children up to one year of age make up 51,76 newly diagnosed cases of eye diseases and its adjuvant diseases for 1000 children aged up to one year. The highest incidences were in Kherson, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv and Rivne regions. During the research, the structure of eye disease and adjuvant incidences with regard to their types remained invariable among children 0–17 years: conjunctivitis; myopia; cataract, strabismus, atrophy of an optic nerve, glaucoma. The reasons for regional features’ peculiarities and further tendencies in frequency and structure of eye diseases and adjuvant diseases in different age groups of children, and especially early age groups, require an additional study.

 


Keywords


regional features, types of eye and adjuvant diseases in children of a different age

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