DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2309-8147.4.1.2016.172895

ANALYSIS OF DISABILITY RESULTING FROM OCULAR PATHOLOGY AMONG CHILDREN IN UKRAINE

O. Vitovska, A. Gudz, O. Savina

Abstract


Introduction. According to WHO the number of people with visual impairment steadily increases. At present according to the latest WHO data the prevalence of childhood blindness modifi es from 0,3 ‰ in developed countries to 1,5 ‰ in the very poor ones. Although the number of blind children seems to be relatively low, but according to the WHO the costs of children with blindness is up to 18% of all the global spending on the health care. Meanwhile, about 40% of childhood blindness can be prevented or cured. Information about children’s disability resulting from ocular pathology allows to analyze trends and to develop organizational events.
Objective. To investigate and analyze the dynamic of children’s ophthalmological disability in Ukraine.
Materials and methods. Children’s disability data of the reporting department of Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine (Form 19) among 82,620,496 children 0–17 years, the number of which is taken from the data of the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. The period of observation is 2005–2014years, one period per year and fi ve-year periods separately.
Conclusions. The value measurement of total disability due to diseases of the eye and adnexa oculi among children of 0-17 years in Ukraine during 2005-2014 years was (1,11 ± 0,01) ‰, primary – (0,11 ± 0,01) ‰. The share of diseases of the eye and adnexa oculi among all causes of disability was (5,57 ± 0,02)%, among the primary – (4,65 ± 0,05)%.
According to the fi ve-year period the values of indicators of total disability due to diseases of the eye and adnexa oculi among children decreased from (1,21 ± 0,01) ‰ to (1,00 ± 0,01) ‰, primary – from (0,12 ± 0 01) ‰ to (0,09 ± 0,01) ‰. The share of eye diseases in the structure of total children’s disability in comparison with the fi ve-year period has decreased (6,27 ± 0,03)% to (4,86 ± 0,02)%, in the primary structure – from (5,23 ± 0,07)% to (4,03 ± 0,07)%. The impact of the factors that affect the rates of disability requires additional investigation.


Keywords


children’s disability, blindness, impaired vision, primary and total disability

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