Peripheral infectious keratitis
Keywords:infectious peripheral keratitis, infiltrate, phlycten, blepharitis, corneal ulcer, combination drug
AbstractPeripheral keratitis (PK) is a group of destructive inflammatory diseases of the juxtalimbal corneal stroma that are associated with an epithelial defect, the presence of inflammatory cells in the stroma, and progressive destruction of the corneal stroma. The causes of PK may be as follows: pathology of the eyelids and skin diseases, systemic infectious diseases, as well as a number of non-infectious immune disorders and diffuse connective tissue diseases. The clinical picture of peripheral infectious keratitis (PIK) is characterized by the formation of infiltrates on the periphery of the cornea and the formation of crescent-shaped ulcerations of the cornea. PIK are most common in inflammatory diseases of the conjunctiva, the edges of the eyelids (in seborrheic blepharitis, staphylococcal blepharitis, and rosacea). Differential diagnosis of PIK must be performed with keratitis in case of systemic connective tissue diseases, marginal keratitis in case of lagophthalmos, Mooren’s ulcer, autoimmune diseases of the body involving the mucous membranes and surface of the eye in the pathological process. The main principles of PIC treatment are finding out the cause, controlling the inflammatory process and stimulating corneal regeneration. In the comprehensive therapy for PIK, antibiotics, collagenase inhibitors, reparative drugs, artificial tears, mydriatics are used, as well as combination drugs, which include a bactericidal antibiotic and a corticosteroid. For the treatment of PK associated with the disease of the edges of the eyelids and skin, a combination of antibacterial and glucocorticoid drugs is necessary with control of the underlying disease.
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