Eye manifestations of COVID-19. Step one

Authors

  • P.A. Bezdetko Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22141/2309-8147.9.1.2021.229522

Keywords:

COVID-19, conjunctivitis, ophthalmoscopy, cotton wool spots, hemorrhages, optical coherence tomography, diplopia, ophthalmoparesis, ocular complications in patients of the intensive care unit, glaucoma; eye surface; perfusion pressure, Thealoz® Duo

Abstract

In the past few months, medical practice has changed faster than in the past few decades. This was due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Ophthalmic problems are most significant in patients with severe pneumonia. The exact incidence of conjunctivitis in COVID-19 patients ranges from 0.8 to 31.6 %. Optical coherence tomography demonstrated hyperreflective lesions at the level of ganglion cells and inner plexiform layers, more pronounced in the papillomacular bundle of both eyes. Retinal hemorrhages were found in at least one eye in five patients (9.25 %), cotton wool spots were detected in four people (7.4 %), and drusen was observed in six patients (11.1 %). On examination of the fundus, dilated veins were revealed in 15 patients (27.7 %), tortuous vessels — in 7 individuals (12.9 %). The literature reports describe patients who were diagnosed with COVID-19 after the detection of diplopia and ophthalmoparesis. The incidence of ocular complications in patients of the intensive care units in different studies ranges from 3 to 60 %. The most common manifestations are ocular surface diseases, increased intraocular pressure, and disorders of the anterior and posterior segments.

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Published

2021-04-29

Issue

Section

Exchange of Experience