Influence of polarized light on the anterior ocular surface inflammation in a combined experimental model of dry eye disease in rats

Authors

  • S.O. Rykov Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • I.V. Shargorodska Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • N.V. Voitenko Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • K.S. Agashkov Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • M.E. Krasniakova Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • A.A. Liemienieva Kyiv City Clinical Ophthalmological Hospital “Eye Microsurgery Center” of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22141/2309-8147.6.3.2018.165205

Keywords:

Background. The main manifestation of disorders of eyelids, tear ducts and orbits is a dry eye disease (DED), which is considered as a serious disease affecting the quality of life. Now it affects one of ten inhabitants of the planet. Increased load, the development of multimedia technologies, physi

Abstract

Background. The main manifestation of disorders of eyelids, tear ducts and orbits is a dry eye disease (DED), which is considered as a serious disease affecting the quality of life. Now it affects one of ten inhabitants of the planet. Increased load, the development of multimedia technologies, physical inactivity and environmental degradation are the main causes of this disease. The pathogenesis of the dry eye disease is the defect of Fas-mediated apoptosis, which makes it possible to penetrate CD4+ T-lymphocytes into the exocrine tissue with further damage to it. However, at the heart of the development of the dry eye diseases not only the inflammatory mechanism lies. Current questions of modern ophthalmology are the search for new therapies, one of which is the application of Bioptron-piler therapy. Under the influence of polarized light, the energy activity of the cell membrane increases. The regeneration processes are activated, oxygen consumption by tissue increased with the formation of adenosine triphosphate in mitochondria, the bioenergetic potential of cells and the velocity of blood flow in tissues increase, transport through the vascular wall is activated, the vessels are intensively forming. Bioptron-piler-light promotes tissue regeneration as well as immune protection. The purpose was to study the pathophysiological mechanisms of action and clinical efficacy of poly- and monochromatic Bioptron-piler-light in the dry eye disease. Materials and methods. We used rats with an experimental model of the dry eye induced by inflammation of anterior ocular surface. Alkaline burning was used to induce the development of inflammation. The adult male rats of the Wistar line and with body weight from 250–300 g were used for the experiments. The xylazine 10 mg/kg of body weight (Biovet Pulavi, Poland) and ketamine 60 mg/kg of body weight (Farmak, Ukraine) were used for anesthesia. All experimental procedures were carried out in accordance with the rules of the Committee on Animal Bioethics of the Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of NASU (Kyiv, Ukraine) and complied with the directives of the European Commission (86/609/EEC). Bioptron-piler therapy was performed using the red filter of the Bioptron apparatus (Bioptron AG, Zepter Group, Swiss) on the 1st day after DED induction. The animals were fixed and the left eye was shielded. Only the right eye was treated from the distance of 30 cm for 3 min. Each animal received a course of treatment for 10 days. Depending on the etiopathogenetic factor several models were described for the DED study. We have adapted and used the model of combined lesions of the lacrimal duct, meibomian glands, corneal and conjunctival damage with the development of inflammation. The clinical evaluation on the transparency and corneal neovascularization was performed within 10 days, using a score scale. Results. A fluorescein test carried out immediately after alkali application and on 1st, 5th and 10th days demonstrated a gradual increase in corneal epithelization and vascularization. We observed substantial and statistically significant increase of lacrimation in experimental rats on a first day after induction of inflammation compared to naпve animals. To the seventh day, the lacrimation decreased to a control level followed by further decrease in tear production. At the same time, there was no significant reduction in tear production on 7th day (compared to the first day) in a group of rats with the anterior surface inflammation that received polarized red light treatment, which may indicate a possible anti-inflammatory effect of such treatment. It is known that stimulation of cytochrome oxidase by light can lead to an increase at mitochondria energy metabolism, an increase of level intracellular metabolism, activation of proliferation and cell migration. Consequently, in our conditions the processes of epithelization and corneal vascularization significantly slowed down after Bioptron-piler therapy with red light was used, which had a positive anti-inflammatory effect. Conclusions. The evidence of the positive anti-inflammatory effect of Bioptron-piler-light in experimental model of the dry eye disease was obtained. The biological effect of light energy is realized by photochemical transformation in mitochondria through the interaction of cytochrome oxidase and impacts the energy processes inside the cell, proliferation, cell migration, neutralizing reactive oxygen compounds. Anti-inflammatory and protective effect of Bioptron-piler therapy in patients with the dry eye disease requires further clinical study.

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Published

2021-09-28

Issue

Section

Clinical Ophthalmology

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